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A fever expidemic hits South America, killing more than 1 million Indians. c. 1568 - King Sebastian I of Portugal forbids the enslavement of Indians in Brazil. 1569 - The Inquisition arrives in the Americas to enforce religious orthodoxy. The intervention of Christian IV of Denmark in the war worried some (Christian was one of Europe's few monarchs who had no financial problems), but the victory of the Imperial general Albert of Wallenstein over the Danes at Dessau Bridge and again at Lutter (both in 1626), eliminated that threat.

Pages: 320

Publisher: Tamesis Books (June 6, 1991)

ISBN: 1855660016

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When Eng lish colonists declared their independence in 1776, industrialization was in its early stages, and land was still seen as the greatest source of wealth.� George Washington became America’s richest man by “surveying” and stealing Native American land. [137] � Stealing their land stole their lives.� American myth ologists conjured stories from the thin air about Washington (as they did about Columbus ), such as the story of him chopping down a cherry tree and admitting it to his father because he “ could not tell a lie .”� Contrary to the fairy tales, Washington was one of American history’s most successful criminals, aptly described as the “father of our country.”� In 1783, as the dust was still settling on America’s successful elite revolt (although the poor were drafted to fight in it), Washington presented a plan to the Continental Congress to defraud Native Americans.� It was a blueprint for theft and genocide.� Washington built his fortune partly by stealing native land, so his plan came to him quite naturally, although his initial, more openly militaristic, plan of theft was modified by General Philip Schuyler’s “low intensity” method of swindling the natives. [138] Washington's plan was to compel Native Americans to sell their land by treaty.� The USA's agents would promise that their new nation would honor its treaties, but the promises would only be kept until the “settlers” arrived.� Then the treaties were not worth the paper they were printed on and the tribes would be coerced to “sell” their treaty-provided lands and be forced ever westward.� Was hington advocated a divide-and-conquer strategy of negotiating with each tribe separately and trying to incite animosity between them by playing one against the other.� The new “settlers” would then exterminate the game and raze the forests, thereby making the land even less desirable to the natives.� Washington specifically recommended that Indian lands be promised to Revolutionary War veterans.� Having those veterans “settle” in Indian lands would form a vanguard of invasion, and those veterans could be used to create a ready-made militia when the inevitable violence broke out as the natives were forced off their land.� That plan was consistent with Washington’s view of the natives.� Washington doubted that the natives were quite human.� He wrote that buying out the natives was preferable to removing them by force, and that their eventual removal would be: “like driving the Wild Beasts of the Forest…when the gradual extension of our Settlements will as certainly cause the Savage as the Wolf to retire; both being beasts of prey tho’ they differ in shape.” [139] The new nation was weak, and Washington’s plan was, in his words, “the cheapest and least distressing way” of eliminating the Indians.� Allan Eckert observed that Washington’s conspiracy was “immoral, unethical and actually criminal,” but it “was so logical and well laid out that it was immediately accepted practically without opposition and at once put into action.”� Eckert concluded, “Without even realizing it occurred, the fate of all Indians in the country was sealed.� They had lost virtually everything.” [140] � I was never told of Washington’s clever plan, during four years of American history studies, including college.� History has shown how well Wash ington’s plan worked.� Of more than 370 treaties foisted onto native tribes by the USA during the succeeding century, historians cannot find even one that the USA honored.� When natives were coerced into the “voluntary” ceding of lands, the USA's government paid them between one and two cents per acre, and then turned around and sold it to land companies and “settlers” for between one and two dollars per acre. [141] � Forced sales at 1% of the retail price probably is, in proportional terms and arguably even in absolute terms, history’s greatest swindle.� When Nazi Germany compelled Jews to sell off their properties in the 1930s for bottom dollar in their Aryanization program, the “sellers” received around half of the asking price. [142] � My ancest ors profited handsomely from the “cessions” of Native American land. [143] � The issue of dishonest treaty implementation still exists today in most of the USA's dealings with foreign countries .� Washington was the architect of America’s Final Solution to the Indian Problem, and America has a national holiday in his name ref.: Lazarillo De Tormes (Twayne's World Authors Series)

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